Kratom is an herbal leaf with medicinal properties that grows from a large tree called Mitragyna speciosa. McWhirter, L., and Morris, S. (2010), ‘A case report of inpatient detoxification after kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) dependence', European Addiction Research, Volume 16, pp. 229-231. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a botanical product that has a history of being sold as a dietary supplement and has been used to manage pain and boost energy.

To date, there are some techniques that have been suggested for the determination of Mitragyna speciosa, with special focus on mitragynine 104 These techniques are imperative, not only for identification and quantification of plant components, but also for metabolic studies, and forensic and clinical toxicology.

Since mitragynine was the only constituent isolated from Mitragyna speciosa it was assumed to be the physiologically active constituent having morphine-like properties, Grewel (1932) reported to be a protozoal poison but in 1933 Raymond-Hamet and Millat undertook a more critical examination and reported it to have markedly depressant properties.

There are different forms to take Mitragyna speciosa, and regardless of your preferred form of intake, effects come on within 15-20 minutes and can last for several hours. Mitragyna speciosa produces both depressant and stimulant effects in the (CNS) central nervous system.

Of kratom (Mitzagyna speciosa) and its alkaloids, esp. Lu, S., Tran, B. N., Nelsen, J. L., and Aldous, K. M. (2009), ‘Quantitative analysis of mitragynine in human urine by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry', Journal of Chromatography B, Volume 877, pp. 2499-2505.

Philipp, A. A., Wissenbach, D. K., Weber, A. A., Zapp, J., and Maurer, H. H. (2011), ‘Metabolism studies of the Kratom alkaloids mitraciliatine and isopaynantheine, diastereomers of the main alkaloids mitragynine and paynantheine, in rat and human urine using liquid chromatography-linear ion trap-mass spectrometry', Journal of Chromatography B, Volume 879, pp. 1049-1055.

Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a psychoactive plant in the coffee family native to Southeast Asia. kratom seeds for sale is the dried and crushed (or powdered) leaves from the species Mitragyna speciosa, a tree which is native to Southeast Asia. Kumarnsit, E., Keawpradub, N., and Nuankaew, W. (2007), ‘Effect of Mitragyna speciosa aqueous extract on ethanol withdrawal symptoms in mice.
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